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authority records
Baker, Stuart
AR009 · Person · 1924-1986

Stuart Baker was born in Sydney, Australia on November 9, 1924. Shortly after his father’s death in the mid-1920s, Baker and his mother moved to her original home in Kent, England. In 1940, Baker was evacuated and sent to live with relatives in Vancouver, BC, and later joined the Canadian Army.

After demobilization, he returned to Vancouver and, in 1948, became involved with the St. James’ Players’ Guild, Vagabond Players and the Vancouver Little Theatre Association in addition to working at CBC radio. In 1948, Baker met Thor Arngrim at an audition for the Vancouver Little Theatre Company, and both were subsequently asked to act for the Everyman acting company. In 1950, Baker and Arngrim became the public relations team for the Vancouver Opera Theatre, newly formed by Peter Mannering. Baker and Arngrim later founded the Totem Theatre Company in 1951, and when their lease expired in 1953, moved the Company to Victoria. After its demise in 1954, Baker spent time living in several different provinces across Canada, but later returned to Victoria and became closely associated with the Bastion Theatre Company. During this time, he adopted the stage name Stuart Kent after his childhood home, due to the fact that Actors Equity states that no new member may use a name that is still in use by another member. He died in Victoria, BC on June 30, 1986.

Lee, Hung
AR080 · Person · fl. 1920-1930

Members of the Lee Hung family owned the firm Wing Tung Yuen, an import-export store, in Victoria, B.C. The store also served as a remittance centre for Victoria families to send money to their families via a remittance centre in Hong Kong or China.

Meigs, Sandra
AR138 · Person · 1953 -

Sandra Meigs is an artist and professor of visual arts at the University of Victoria (UVic), and held previous appointments at the University of Toronto, Georgian College, York University and the Ontario College of Art. Meigs was born in Baltimore, Maryland, USA in 1953, and lives in Victoria, British Columbia. She attended the Rhode Island School of Design, and holds a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Mixed Media (1975) from the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design, and a Master of Arts in Philosophy (1980) from Dalhousie University, her master’s thesis entitled: <i>Universalization and Respect for Persons.</i> She has taught in UVic’s Department of Visual Arts in the Faculty of Fine Arts since 1993, and also served as departmental chair from 1997 to 2002. The Department of Visual Arts offers Bachelor of Fine Arts and Masters of Fine Arts programs and a combined degree in Visual Art and Computer Science; the disciplines taught are: digital media, drawing, painting, sculpture, photography and video art. Meigs major areas of interest are painting and art theory. The UVic painting concentration encourages interdisciplinary explorations and examination of current thoughts and issues in contemporary painting, and students’ development of personal vision and critical discourse around their work. Recent courses taught by Meigs at UVic include: Art 310 "Painting" and Art 395 "Visual Structures in the Imaginative Realm."

Meigs’ has exhibited nationally and internationally, with numerous solo and group exhibitions beginning in 1974 with the performance works, "20 Dresses" and "48 Dresses" in Rhode Island and Halifax, respectively. Group shows include "Officina America" Galleria d’Arte Moderne, Bologna, Italy (2002), "Trip-in: The Ontology of the Imaginative Realm" Susan Hobbs Gallery, Toronto (2006) and "It Is What It Is: Canadian Biennial" National Gallery of Canada (2010); notable solo exhibitions include "Reverie" Art Gallery of Greater Victoria (2002), "Strange Loop" Carleton University Art Gallery, Ottawa (2009) and "The Fold Heads" Susan Hobbs Gallery (2010).

Meigs was profiled by Sarah Milroy in the article "Eminent Victorian: Sandra Meigs and the sculpture of painting" (Canadian Art, Summer 2010). Milroy situates Meigs strongly within a challenging experimental tradition in Victoria's art scene that has emerged to contest the photo conceptualism found in Vancouver. Meigs, informed by popular culture, art history, architecture and psychology, creates works described as narrative, gothic, comic and ontological. Milroy observes that the paintings of "The Fold Heads" blur the line between painting and sculpture, with three dimensional elements, such as fabric, emerging from the canvas. Meigs herself describes the works as "getting into that space between the viewer and the picture plane." In <i>Border Crossings</i> (December 2009) Josée Drouin-Brisebois notes the works in "Strange Loop" – interiors rendered in light grey and white on dark grey backgrounds – were inspired by the mansions of Meigs' birthplace of Rhode Island and address the notion of separated public and private domestic spaces.

Sandra Meigs is represented by the Susan Hobbs Gallery, Toronto.

Wise, Jack
AR393 · Person · 1928-1996

Jack Wise was an artist, calligrapher, poet and teacher, born April 27, 1928 in Centerville, Iowa, to Zarilda Jane (Morris) and Ralph Marlowe Wise. Wise attended the New Orleans School of Fine Arts (1949), earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts (1953) from Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, and a Master of Science in Art (1955) from Florida State University. Wise married Mary Beatrice Winfield Hubbard in 1969 and they had three children: Jonathon Marlowe, Maria Zarilda, and Tomas Winfield. Wise lived throughout the United States, in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico, and in British Columbia, primarily in Victoria, on Vancouver Island, and the nearby Gulf Islands. Wise spent his last years on Denman Island with partner Marilyn Hausman. He died in Victoria in 1996.

Wise’s work from the 1950s consisted primarily of paintings in the abstract expressionist style. Wise met Anglo-Canadian artist and lifelong friend Toni Onley (1928-2004) while living and teaching textile art in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico, from 1958 to 1961. After returning to the United States, Wise became dissatisfied with his art production and immigrated to British Columbia in 1963, where he spent several years farming in the province’s interior. After a brief period of no artistic output, he embraced a fine brushwork technique and a miniaturist style, his subject matter shifting towards microcosmic mandala patterns and calligraphic fields. Wise’s first solo Canadian exhibit was with the New Design Gallery in Vancouver in 1965. He traveled to India on a Canada Council Fellowship to study Tibetan art in 1966, and, beginning in the early 1970s, studied calligraphy with Chinese artist Lin Chien-Shih. Wise, along with Lin Chien-Shih, Emily Carr, and Mark Tobey, is identified with the Pacific Northwest School of Abstract Calligraphic Painting, which combined American abstract expressionism with Asian calligraphic tradition and Buddhist philosophy. Wise is also linked to the West Coast Surrealists, or Hermetics, who included Gary Lee-Nova, Gregg Simpson and Ed Varney. The art establishment associated these schools with the psychedelic era and experimentation of the 1960s, and initially overlooked the intellectual and philosophical richness of Wise’s work. Although Wise was most obviously influenced by Asian traditions, his art is cited as having a cross cultural significance resulting from his strong interest in Jungian psychology and its central belief in the universal collective unconscious.

Wise exhibited regularly from the 1960s to the early 1990s. Major exhibitions included: Bau-Xi Gallery, Vancouver (1967, 1970, 1972, 1975); Commonwealth Institute Art Gallery, London, and Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh (1969); Mendel Gallery, Saskatoon, and Polly Friedlander Gallery, Seattle (1971); Wells Gallery, Ottawa (1976); “Jack Wise: A Decade of Work” (a cross-Canada touring exhibit 1977-1978); Ken Heffle Gallery, Vancouver (1980); Kyle’s Gallery, Victoria (1981); Winchester Galleries, Victoria (1984); and “Karma of the Dragon: The Art of Jack Wise,” Art Gallery of Greater Victoria (1999). Wise also helped establish and develop the foundation programmes for the Victoria College of Art and the Metchosin International Summer School of the Arts, on Vancouver Island. In the 1980s, Wise taught at Emily Carr Institute of Art and Design in Vancouver and was artist-in-residence at the University of Calgary. His work is represented in many public, private and corporate collections, including the Scottish Arts Council, Canada Council Art Bank, the Victoria Art Gallery, the University of Victoria’s Maltwood Gallery, and the Smithsonian Institution.

For more information on Wise's career to 1987 see "A Checklist of Biographical and Critical Materials for the Period 1965 -1987 on Jack Marlowe Wise, R.C.A."
by Stephen Cummings, available via the University of Victoria's institutional repository UVicSpace: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/4110

Siebner, Herbert
AR402 · Person · 1925-2003

Expressionist painter, printmaker, and sculptor, Herbert Johannes Josef Siebner, was born in Stettin, Prussia on April 16, 1925 to Margarete Agnes (Resch) and Paul Hermann. He married Hannelore Roehr in 1950 and had one daughter, Angela, born 1951. In 1954, Siebner, Hannelore and Angela immigrated to Canada, settling in Victoria where the artist lived until his death in 2003.
Artistic Training
A master printmaker, Siebner was introduced to the art and techniques of engraving and printmaking when apprenticed to Atelier Max Richter in Stettin. His apprenticeship, a requirement for entry into the Academy of Art, was cut short by the onset of World War II and his conscription into the German army at age 17 in 1943. During the war, Siebner worked as a draughtsman while making extra money drawing portraits of fellow soldiers and officers. After his release from a Russian prisoner of war camp, Siebner made his way to Berlin where he managed against the challenges of post war poverty and supply shortages to continue his arts training. He spent 4 years at the Berlin Academy (1946 to 1949) where he was first introduced to arguably his greatest stylistic influence, the German Expressionists.
Work
His signature style and predominant themes coalesced from these early artistic experiences as well as his fascination with the art of primitive cultures and study of mythology, and was fostered by his research on mural techniques in Europe (1962-1963) funded by a one-year travel grant, as well as many subsequent trips to Mediterranean countries. After arriving in Canada, Siebner taught at several post secondary institutions including the Universities of Victoria, British Columbia, Alberta and Washington, before turning his focus entirely to his own art production after 1970.
Deeply involved in the local art scene, Siebner was a founding member of a local artists’ group, the Limners, committed to representations of the human figure. The founding members, including, Maxwell Bates, Myfanwy Pavelic, Robin Skelton, Richard Ciccimara, and Elza Mayhew, adopted the name “Limners” from the medieval term, which referred to itinerant artists who produced mainly illuminations and portraits.
Herbert Siebner was a charismatic figure that never shied away from controversy. In the early 1970s he recalled his artworks from galleries all over Canada in protest of the high commissions they extracted. He notably fought a lengthy legal battle against the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria over ownership of a series of travel sketches made during his year abroad and continually argued with the Province of British Columbia about a commissioned mural he created in 1975 that was never installed and remained in storage.
Among many honors, Siebner was made a member of Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Often credited with bringing Modernism to Victoria, his paintings, prints and sculptures have been exhibited and sold all over the world. Siebner was honored with one-man shows in Toronto, Victoria, Vancouver, Calgary, Berlin, Milan and Seattle. He created graphic prints for books of poetry and completed mural commissions in Victoria.
His publications include:
<i>Colour, Line & Form</i> (1970)
<i>Herbert Siebner: a Monograph</i> (1979)
<i>Herbert Siebner: Dualities</i> (1984)
<i>Herbert Siebner: a Celebration</i> (1993)
<i>Herbert Siebner Travel Sketches</i> (1997)

Swin, Rikki
AR421 · Person · 1945 -

Rikki Swin was born in Chicago in 1947. An expert in polymer construction and design, she started Tec Air, Inc. in 1970, an American manufacturing business specializing in plastic injection moulding. This business grew to annual revenues of US$20,000,000 and, in 1999, she sold the business. Using the resources available to her, she founded the Rikki Swin Institute (RSI) in 2001. Rikki Swin has lived in Victoria, BC, Canada, and currently resides on San Juan Island, Washington, USA. Her volunteerism has included work with the Land Conservancy of BC, Coats for Kids, PEERS [Prostitutes Empowerment Education and Resources Society], the Victoria Conservatory of Music, and the Art in Bloom Committee of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.

Lynn, Merrissa Sherrill
AR421 · Person · 1976-2002 [fl.]

Merissa Sherrill Lynn joined the Fantasia Fair staff in 1976 and took a leadership role in the Cherrystone Club in Boston. Merissa hosted the first meeting of Tiffany Club in 1977 and was its director for the first nine years. In 1978 she developed a long-range plan with the intent to build an international service network. She founded NACD Inc. (National Association of Cross Dressers), an investment corporation in service to the trans community, and was responsible for acquiring the community’s first group housing and retreat. She helped found the TV/TS Tapestry Journal and Tapestry Publications and was its Managing Director and Editor-in-Chief.
In 1986, Lynn founded the International Foundation for Gender Education (IFGE), an American non-profit transgender advocacy organization and devoted to “overcoming the intolerance of transvestitism and transsexualism brought about by widespread ignorance.” The first IFGE convention was held in Chicago in March 1987. In 1988, she became the second recipient of the IFGE’s Dr. Virginia Prince Award. She founded the “Coming Together – Working Together” convention and was its Director. She was IFGE Director until 1995 and subsequently was granted honorary board membership for life. Lynn lectured publicly for 15 years, appeared many times on television and radio, and has written many educational articles, including The Directory of Terms, a standard booklet for the Educational Resources Committee of the IFGE. She travelled to Trinidad, Colorado for sex reassignment surgery in July 1991. In 2002, she was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Tiffany Club’s annual transgender conference, “First Event.”

Kane, Ari
AR421 · Person · 1936 -

Ari Kane, also known as Ariadne Kane, was born Joseph DeMaios in New York on 12 January 1936. In 1958 he received a Bachelor of Science in Biophysics, Mathematics and Chemistry at City College, New York., and undertook graduate work in biophysics at New York University and University of Buffalo. Ari Kane holds a doctorate of Education from Institute for Advanced Study of Sexuality and is an assistant professor of sexology at the Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality in San Francisco. He also runs Theseus Counseling Services which specializes in gender issues.<p>Joseph DeMaios worked for many years as a Math and Physics teacher. In 1966 he moved to Europe, where he taught at St. Stephen’s School in Rome, from 1966-67, and at the American College of Switzerland in Leysin, from 1967-68. He moved from teaching to curriculum design and implementation, working in 1968 and 1969 for Educational Technical Services in Rome, developing curriculum for teaching conversation and translation of English.</p><p>After his return to the United States, he started his own educational consulting business, Educational Dynamics in 1970. Educational Dynamics offered services in the areas of facilities, planning, curriculum development, educational media and international education. From 1971 to 1975 he held a variety of teaching positions, and developed curriculum for technical courses including “How to prepare cosmetics in the Home” for cosmetology students. He also worked for Aquarius Travel, on design and implementation of a travel education program. He then created his own travel and adventure business, Explorers “A” Travel, specializing in guided historical and cultural tours in a number of countries.</p><p>After his return to the United States Joseph DeMaios began to look for others who were interested in crossdressing. He found a support group for crossdressers in the Greater Boston area and began to feel more confident about his crossdressing; “Ariadne Kane” was born. Kane’s “emergence from the closet” occurred in 1971. Eventually DeMaios was able to tell his fiancée about his crossdressing, and married Norma Baldani in June 1973.</p><p>Ariadne Kane oversaw the restructuring and relocation of the support group, which was renamed the Tiffany Club (later the Cherrystone Club, then the Mayflower Club). In 1975 she founded the Human Outreach and Achievement Institute, an organization dedicated to public education and to working with the health professionals who serve the community. In the early 1980s it was renamed the Outreach Institute for Gender Studies (OIGS) and its Board of Directors was established. The purpose of OIGS is “to advance the understanding of gender identity and role development with a special focus on alternative gender lifestyles.” OIGS published the Outreach Newsletter and the Journal of Gender Studies (1991-1995), and provides educational materials to the public, to TV/TS individuals and groups, and to medical professionals.</p><p>Kane also founded Fantasia Fair, an annual gathering of crossdressing men, their partners, and medical and other professionals working with the transgender and transsexual community, held in Provincetown Massachusetts. Still an annual event, the first Fantasia Fair was held in 1975. It was organized by OIGS until 2002. Kane also founded the Outreach Professional Evaluation and Referral Network (OPERN), an intake, evaluation, referral and counselling service for people with gender issues. She appeared on The Phil Donohue Show in January 1980. In 1989, Kane became the third recipient of the International Foundation for Gender Education’s Dr. Virginia Prince Award.</p><p>Since the late 1970s, Ari Kane has used a number of different names and both male and female gender pronouns in his personal life, activist work, publishing and employment. As well as his birth name, Joseph DeMaios, he has been known variously as J. Ari Kane-Demaios, Ariadne Kane, Ariadne Maria Kane and Dr Ari Kane.</p>

Lind, Betty Ann
AR421 · Person · 1931 - 1998

Betty Ann Lind was born in 1931. She was an original board member of IFGE, and served the organization for a number of years in various capacities, including its Programs and Nominations Committees. She received the Virginia Prince Award, the Outreach Institute for Gender Studies’ Achievement Award, and Miss Fantasia Fair. She was also involved in Reluctant Press Publishers and the editor of My Sorority, an early transgender newsletter.
Lind was the founder of the Delta Chi Tri-ESS chapter of Washington, DC in the early 1970s, the predecessor to the TransGender Educational Association of Greater Washington (TGEA)
She attended the second Fantasia Fair, held in Provincetown Massachusetts, in 1976. She became a member of the Board of Director to the Fair's sponsor, the Outreach Institute in 1982 and later in 1985 became the Fair Coordinator and served in that capacity until 1991. She died March 4, 1998 at Sibley Hospital, Washington, DC. (Source: Betty Ann Lind obituary http://www.ifge.org/news/balind.htm)

Rikki Swin
AR421 · Person · 1947 -

Rikki Swin was born in Chicago in 1947. An expert in polymer construction and design, she started Tec Air, Inc. in 1970, an American manufacturing business specializing in plastic injection moulding. This business grew to annual revenues of US$20,000,000 and, in 1999, she sold the business. Using the resources available to her, she founded the Rikki Swin Institute (RSI) in 2001. Rikki Swin has lived in Victoria, BC, Canada, and currently resides on San Juan Island, Washington, USA. Her volunteerism has included work with the Land Conservancy of BC, Coats for Kids, PEERS [Prostitutes Empowerment Education and Resources Society], the Victoria Conservatory of Music, and the Art in Bloom Committee of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.

Duder, Cameron
AR425 · Person · 1962 -

Cameron Duder holds a PhD in History from the University of Victoria, and is a Vancouver-based researcher, writer, editor and former university lecturer on Canadian history and the history of sexuality. Duder changed his given name from Karen to Cameron in 2004. Duder’s 2001 doctoral dissertation at the University of Victoria is entitled <i>The Spreading Depths: Lesbian and Bisexual Women in English Canada, 1910-1965</i>. Duder’s article “Public Acts and Private Languages: Bisexuality and the multiple discourses of Constance Grey Swartz,” was the winner of the 2003 Hilda Neatby Prize for Best Article in Canadian Women’s History, the 2004 Award for the Best Article in the History of Sexuality in Canada, and was selected for the BC Studies 40th Anniversary Audio Archive of most popular articles.

Duder’s publications include:
Cameron Duder, <i>Awfully Devoted Women: Lesbian Lives in Canada</i>, 1900-65 (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010).
Cameron Duder, <i>The Ashburn Clinic: The People and the Place</i> (Dunedin: The Ashburn Clinic, 2007).
Cameron Duder, “‘Two Middle-Aged & Very Good Looking Females That Spend All Their Week-Ends Together’: Female Professors and Same-Sex Relationships in Canada, 1910-1950,” in <i>Historical Identities: The Professoriate in Canada</i>, eds. Paul J. Stortz & Lisa Panayodotis (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006), 651-685.
Karen Duder, “‘That repulsive abnormal creature I read of in that book’: lesbians and families in Ontario, 1920-1965,” in <i>Ontario Since Confederation: A Reader</i>, eds. Edgar-André Montigny & Lori Chambers (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000), 260-283.
Karen Duder, “Public Acts and Private Languages: Bisexuality and the multiple discourses of Constance Grey Swartz,” <i>BC Studies</i> 136 (Winter 2002/2003), 3-24.

Barbarash, David
AR427 · Person · fl 1980

David Barbarash was the North American press officer for the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) from mid-1999 until late-2002. He also founded the North American Animal Liberation Front Supporters Group in Toronto in the early 1980s. Barbarash has been linked to Anti-Racist Action, Anti-Fascist Militia, Militant Direct Action Task Force, the Justice Department, Earth First!, the Animal Liberation Front and the Earth Liberation Front. He began <i>Ekomedia</i> (later retitled <i>Ecomedia</i>) in Toronto in 1984, an alternative/ anarchist wire service inspired by <i>BC Blackout</i>. Ecomedia published the <i>Anti-Authoritarian News</i>, later the <i>Ecomedia Bulletin</i>, which ran until 1992. (For more information on <i>Ecomedia</i>, see Kerry Mogg, "Introduction to Zines and Small Press," in <i>Only a Beginning: An Anarchist Anthology</i>, pg. 366)
<br>In Toronto in 1988, Barbarash was convicted of breaking the windows of fast food restaurants, fur stores and butcher shops. He was also convicted of property damage worth $50,000 and the theft of 29 cats from the University of Alberta in Edmonton in 1992. Fellow activist Darren Thurston served two years in prison for participating in the University of Alberta action, but Barbarash fled to the US to avoid arrest, and lived in hiding there for two years until the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) found him living in California. In 1994, Barbarash was deported back to Canada and served four months in jail before being released for time served and a guilty plea.
<br>A Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) investigation of David Barbarash, which began in 1997, was prompted by a series of pipe bombs sent through the mail to various individuals and organizations across Canada in 1995.
<br>In 1998, Barbarash and Thurston were charged with sending letters with razor blades inside to hunters and guide outfitters across British Columbia. The charges were later dropped after the RCMP refused to provide documents to the defendants' lawyers. It is posited that the documents would have confirmed that the RCMP were using undercover police agents, a fact Barbarash maintained the RCMP lied about at the defendants' preliminary hearing. Barbarash always stated his innocence and alleged the undercover agents were attempting to entrap him to commit crimes in the course of their investigation.
<br>Barbarash's home in Courtenay, British Columbia was raided on July 30, 2002 in response to a request from the FBI, which regards the ALF as a domestic terrorist organization. Materials seized during this raid were returned to Barbarash without ever reaching US custody, owing to a judge who overturned the search warrant in response to what she termed "triple-hearsay" used in obtaining the warrant.
<br>Of his activities regarding animal rights, Barbarash states: "Just because they can’t speak up for themselves doesn’t mean that we have the right to do whatever we please to them." (Source, ALF David Barbarash interview http://www.animalliberationfront.com/ALFront/Interviews/Interview%20with%20David%20Barbarash.htm)

Yaffe, Debby
AR430 · Person · 1943 -

Debby (Deborah) Yaffe is a feminist, activist and retired University of Victoria Department of Women’s Studies senior instructor. Yaffe (née Frisch) was born in 1943 and grew up in Southern California. She attended University of Southern California Los Angeles in the 1960s. Taking her husband’s last name, Gregory, she and her husband lived in Europe with their son, moving to London in the 1970s. It was there, while working as a teacher, that Yaffe became involved in the women’s movement through her attendance at consciousness-raising group meetings. She subsequently formed her own group and took part in feminist actions. Yaffe later returned to the United States on her own and eventually settled in Victoria, British Columbia, with her family. After her divorce, she took her mother’s maiden name, Yaffe. In Victoria, she volunteered with Everywomen's Books, worked as a paid staff member for the local office of the Victoria Status of Women Action Group, from 1986 to 1988, and was involved in organizing around key issues such as abortion rights.<br>
Yaffe was approached to teach Introduction to Women’s Studies at the University of Victoria in 1990 and she retired in 2004. She holds a master’s degree in Women’s Studies and is a 2001 recipient of UVic Alumni Association’s award for excellence in teaching. Yaffe is one of the founders, along with former university archivist Jane Turner, of the Victoria Women’s Movement Archives at UVic Archives. Yaffe’s publications include:</br><br>
“Feminism in principal and in practice: Everywomans Books,” <i>Atlantis</i> V. 21, NO. 1 (Fall, 1996) 154-157;
“Introducing Jewish feminist thought in a women's studies classroom,” <i>Canadian Woman Studies</i>, V. 16, NO. 4 (Fall, 1996), 56-59</br>

Peterson, Margaret
AR445 · Person · 1902 - 1997

Margaret Peterson was an artist and art teacher, born on June 3rd, 1902 in Seattle, Washington to Ellen Charlotte (Lawson) and Edwin Richard Peterson. Margaret attended the California College of Arts and Crafts in San Francisco (1920-1923) and obtained both a BA (1926) and a MA (1931) in Fine Arts from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1937 she married Canadian author Howard O’Hagan whom she met at Berkeley. During her life, she lived in the United States, British Columbia, and Italy. Peterson died in Victoria, B.C. on May 16th, 1997.
<i>Artistic Training</i>
From 1920 to 1923 Peterson attended night drawing classes with Glenn Wessels at the California College of Arts and Crafts in San Francisco. While attending UC Berkeley Peterson studied under Worth Ryder, Vaclav Vytlacil, Hans Hoffmann and Ray Boynton. After obtaining her MA in 1931, she studied art in Europe for a year with Andre L’Hote and Vaclav Vytlacil. From the 1930s on Peterson travelled extensively, studying the arts and cultures of various countries, including Canada, Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Germany, France and Italy. In 1963 and 1964, after winning the Canada Council Senior Arts Award for the study of mosaic, Peterson travelled throughout England, Europe and Egypt to study the medium.
<i>Teaching</i>
After graduating from Berkeley with her BA, Peterson instructed art courses at both UC Berkeley and Oregon State College. In 1928, she joined the art department faculty of UC Berkeley as a full-time instructor. Returning from her studies in Europe in 1932, Peterson re-joined the Berkeley art faculty as a full time Associate Professor of Art, a post she held until 1950. In 1950, in protest of the anti-communist loyalty oath required of all Berkeley faculty members, Peterson resigned from her post as professor. In the summer of 1952 Peterson ran a school of painting in San Francisco. In 1953, she ran a similar summer school in Duncan, B.C., where she had been living with her husband since 1951. Throughout her career as an art educator, Peterson taught many students who went on to become successful artists such as Elmer Bischoff, David Park, Richard Diebenkorn, Jay DeFeo, Colin Graham and Pat Adams.
<i>Work</i>
Peterson’s artworks consist primarily of abstract paintings, drawings and mosaics. In her early career, Peterson worked in a predominately Cubist style and was highly influenced by artists such as Picasso. From approximately the late 1930s on Peterson became more artistically influenced and interested in the various arts and mythologies of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. However, despite her study of indigenous art, Peterson remained adamant that her art was not derivative of the indigenous art she admired. Instead, Peterson’s use of tempera on rigid supports, such as wood and cardboard, instead of the more traditional and common materials of oil paints and canvas, as well as her matte, colourful and monumental images of celestial gods and abstracted figures, are often regarded as being part of her own truly unique artistic style.
<i>Awards and Exhibitions</i>
Peterson was honoured with several exhibitions and awards throughout her artistic career. Peterson exhibited from the 1930s to the 1980s at various galleries in the United States and Canada as well as in Mexico City and London, UK. Her major exhibitions included: The Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco (1933, 1960); San Francisco Art Association shows (1942, 1943); The American Federation of Arts, Carmel (1945, 1965); The San Francisco Museum of Art (1950, 1951, 1958, 1973); Art Gallery of Greater Victoria (1953, 1959, 1962); and the Biennial of Canadian Painting at the National Gallery, Ottawa (1961, 1963). In 1964, Peterson represented Canada at the Biennale de Sao Paolo, Brazil.
Peterson’s many awards included the Bertha Benecke Tauseg Memorial Award scholarship (1931), first prize for her piece “Mother” in the San Francisco Women Artists show (1936), the Emmanuel Walter Fund purchase prize for “Mother and Child” in the San Francisco Art Association show (1942), and the Canada Council Senior Arts Award for the study of mosaic and temple art (1963).
Peterson’s work is represented in many public, private and corporate collections, including the art collection of UC Berkeley, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (formerly San Francisco Museum of Art), the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, the University of Victoria Art Collections, the British Columbia Provincial Art Collection, Vancouver Art Gallery, the National Gallery of Canada, and the Accademia di Bella Arti in Ravenna, Italy.

Hansen, Ann
AR453 · Person · 1953 -

Ann Hansen is a Canadian anarchist, born in Ontario in 1953. Her early interest in anti-authoritarian activities led her to Europe, where she studied urban guerrilla groups as a part of the University of Waterloo’s Integrated Studies department. Upon her return to Canada, she became active with the prison-abolition movement, including the production of Bulldozer magazine.
In the early 1980s, Hansen formed the guerrilla organization, Direct Action (later also known as the Vancouver Five or the Squamish Five), in Vancouver with Julia Belmas, Gerry Hannah, Doug Stewart, and Brent Taylor. Direct Action’s major activities occurred in 1982; the bombing of the Cheekye-Dunsmuir BC Hydro substation on Vancouver Island in May, and the bombing of the Litton Industries factory in Toronto in October. Direct Action also participated in the collective Wimmin’s Fire Brigade firebombing actions against the Red Hot Video pornographic video store outlets in BC. The group were arrested in January 1983 on the highway near Squamish, BC; “Free the Five” rallies were organized in their support and to raise awareness of alleged biased media reporting concerning the trial. Direct Action members were sentenced to life in prison in June 1984; all members have completed their sentences and have been released.
Hansen has since published <i>Direct Action: Memoires of An Urban Guerrilla</i>(Between the Lines Press, 2001), and co-authored, with Julie Belmas, <i>This Is not A Love Story: Armed Struggle Against the Institutions of Patriarchy </i>(2002; available for download from http://TheAnarchistLibrary.org).

Harrison, Ted
AR460 · Person · 1926-2015

Edward Hardy (Ted) Harrison was born in Wingate, County Durham, UK, 28 August, 1926, the son of Charles Edward and Martha (Thirlaway). Harrison married Robina (Nicky) McNicol 12 November 1960, and had one child, son Charles Edward. Harrison died in Victoria, British Columbia on January 16, 2015.

Harrison was educated at Wellfield Grammar School, Wingate (1943) and holds a National Diploma in Design (1950) from Hartlepool College of Art (Cleveland, UK), Art Teacher’s Diploma (1951) from the University of Durham ; and a Bachelor of Education (1977) from the University of Alberta. Among Ted Harrison’s many awards are the Order of Canada (1987), representation on a Canada Post Christmas stamp (1996), an Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts from the University of Victoria (1998), a distinguished Alumni award from the University of Alberta (2002), membership in the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts (2004), an Honorary Doctorate of Laws from the University of Alberta (2005), an Honorary Doctorate from Malaspina University College, Nanaimo (2006) and the Order of British Columbia (2008).

From 1945-48 Harrison served with the British Army Intelligence Corps Field Security Section in India, Egypt, Kenya, Uganda and Somaliland with the rank of sergeant. Following teaching certification, Harrison taught at the following institutions: Technical School of for Boys in Middlesborough, UK (1951-57); the Slim School in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia (1958-62); Te Kauwhata District High School, New Zealand (1958-62); Wingate Junior School, Wingate, UK (1965-66); Dene House School in Peterlee, UK (1966-67); Wabasca Elementary School, Northern Alberta (1967-68); Carcross Elementary School, Yukon Territory -- where he also served as Fire Chief (1968-71); Yukon Vocational School (1971-75) and F. H. Collins Secondary School, Whitehorse (1975-1980).

Upon arrival in the Yukon in 1968 Harrison discovered the necessity of a different approach to painting. He began to simplify his shapes and employ bright, arbitrary colours producing a profound and unique visual statement. He was discovered at his first showing in Whitehorse (1971) and his work was brought to Vancouver and Ottawa, where it met with immediate success. Subsequently his paintings were represented in galleries all across Canada and in the United States. In addition to sought-after originals he produced hundreds of editions of screen prints.

Harrison’s first illustrated book was Northland Alphabet, produced in 1968 through the University of Alberta. Subsequently he achieved international success with: <i>Children of the Yukon</i> (1977, author and illustrator); <i>The Last Horizon</i> (1980, autobiography); <i>A Northern Alphabet</i> (1982); <i>The Cremation of Sam McGee</i> (1986, illustrating text by Robert Service); <i>The Shooting of Dan Magrew</i> (1988, also by Robert Service); <i>The Blue Raven</i> (1989); <i>O Canada</i> (1992, illustrating the national anthem); and <i>Maggie’s Magic Dream</i> (2004). Harrison’s work was featured in a juried exhibition at the Bologna Book Fair (1978), with the International Board of Books for Youth in Nicosia, Cyprus (1984) and in Kobe, Japan. <i>The Cremation of Sam McGee</i> received a Best Book award from the New York Times in 1986. In 1993 Harrison and his wife Nicky moved from Whitehorse, Yukon Territory, to Victoria B. C. Nicky died in 2006.

He has been the subject of a number of films and a major book, <i>Ted Harrison: Painting Paradise</i> by Katherine Gibson (Crown Publications, Victoria 2009). See the following link for UVic Library catalogue record: http://voyager.library.uvic.ca/vwebv/holdingsInfo?bibId=1797661

Arngrim, Stefan
Arngrim, Stefan · Person · 1955 -

Stefan Arngrim was born in 1955 in Toronto to Thor Arngrim and Nora MacMillan, both of whom were involved with the Canadian theatre scene. Arngrim began acting as a child, and later branched out to become a musician. He has starred and co-starred in dozens of productions since the 1960s.

Morse, David Garnet
CA MRM DGM · Person · 07/05/1883 - 29/10/1958

Dr. David Garnet Morse was born on May 7, 1883 in Lawrencetown, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia, the son of Leander Rupert Morse and Ellen Mary Fitch. David relocated from Nova Scotia to British Columbia as a young man, having become a medical doctor. He married Bernice Louise Robertson in Vancouver on Mar 1, 1913. He later settled in Maple Ridge, becoming the first doctor in the growing town.

David passed away in New Westminster, British Columbia at the age of 75 on October 29, 1958.

Beckett, Ernest William
CA MRM EWB · Person · 1857-1935

E.W. Beckett was born in Quebec in 1857 and came to Maple Ridge, B.C., in 1895, where he started a small brickyard. He was municipal clerk for Maple Ridge from 1895 to 1912, when he became Crown Timber Agent at New Westminster. During the years 1925 to 1929, he was the Returning Officer for the Municipality of Maple Ridge. Beckett died in 1935.

Mussallem, George
CA MRM GEM · Person · 05/01/1908 - 10/04/2007

George Mussallem was born on January 5, 1908 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada to Solomon Mussallem and Annie Mussallem (nee Besytt). The family moved to Prince Rupert, British Columbia when George was a young child, and then to Haney ca. 1919. George was the oldest of six living children (after the death in infancy of the Mussallems' oldest child). He married Elizabeth "Beth" Suttie Brown (1907 - 1962) on August 29, 1934. They had three children: Anne (1936), David (1937), and Robert (1942). After his widowing, he married Grace Cuthbert in 1970.

After his graduation from high school, George worked for his father at the family's business, Haney Garage, where he informally apprenticed as a mechanic. In the late 1920s, he acquired the sales business for Stewart Warner radios. In the 1940s, he succeeded his father as owner of the garage, by then renamed Mussallem Motors. George's success with business led him to be elected President of the Motor Dealers Association of BC and Director of the Federation of Automobile Dealers of Canada. He was also active in community organizations, as a member of the Lions Club, Odd Fellows Lodge, Masonic Lodge, and the Shriners. Further, he served as Superintendent of Religious Instruction at St. Andrews United Church for 23 years.

George was instrumental in the revival of the Boy Scout Movement in Maple Ridge in 1947.

George was keen on politics from a young age and in 1966 became a Member of the Legislative Assembly for Dewdney under the Social Credit party, for whom he later served as whip. He served as such until 1972, and then again from 1975 to 1983 when he retired from politics.

George died on April 10, 2007 in British Columbia.

Waugh, Helen
CA MRM HCW · Person · ca. 1896 - n.d.

Helen Waugh was born ca. 1896 and became a nurse in the United States. There are few known details about Waugh's life, although it is known that she was a practicing nurse in Portland, Oregon, before moving on to Hempstead, New York in 1939, where she was employed at St. Giles Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled Children.

Mussallem, Helen Kathleen
CA MRM HKM · Person · 07/01/1915 - 09/11/2012

Dr. Helen Kathleen Mussallem was born in Prince Rupert, British Columbia on January 7, 1915 to Lebanese immigrants Solomon and Annie Mussallem. The family relocated to the small town of Haney while Helen was a child, where she enjoyed hiking and taking part in the community.

Helen went on after high school to study nursing and work at Vancouver General Hospital for a number of years before serving as an operating nurse in WWII field hospitals throughout Europe. She completed her master's degree at Columbia University following the war, followed by a Doctor of Education also at Columbia, making her the first nurse to achieve a doctorate.

As director of the Canadian Nurses Association, Helen went on to write and present a landmark report on the evaluation of nursing in Canada, calling for a national accreditation program. As part of her broader outreach, she undertook international initiatives in Cuba and West Africa throughout the 1970s and into the 1980s.

Helen received an honorary Doctorate from University of British Columbia in 1994.

Helen died on November 9, 2012 in Ottawa, Ontario.

Harper, Lily Anne
CA MRM LAH · Person · 10/10/1922 - 18/04/2012

Lily Anne Harper (nee Mussallem) was born in October 10, 1922 in Haney, British Columbia, the youngest child of Solomon Mussallem and Annie Mussallem (nee Besytt). Growing up with her five older siblings, Lily became active in Vancouver's theatre scene, acting regularly on stage and on television. Her first career was as a school teacher in Mission during WWII and at David Livingstone Elementary in Vancouver. She continuing on to teach English, Drama, and Music at Queen Elizabeth Elementary and David Thompson Secondary.

Lily was married to Maurice Harper, with whom she had two daughters, Lynette and Janis Harper. Lily and Maurice divorced in 1970, with Lily remaining in Point Grey for the remainder of her life.

Lily Harper died on April 18, 2012.

Broe, Lawrence
CA MRM LB · Person · 4/4/1882 - 25/6/1949

Lawrence Broe was born in Buxton, North Dakota, USA to John Larson Broe and Serena Broe (nee Satre). The family settled in Anyox, British Columbia when Lawrence was a child. Broe would become a doctor and Chief Medical Officer in Anyox until 1921, when he relocated with his young family to Yarrow and finally Hammond, where he became the first doctor in the area.

Broe married May Alice Elliott on September 11, 1913 in Okanagan Landing and the pair had a son, Howard Elliott, born ca. 1916.

Broe remained a doctor until his death from a cerebral hemorrhage at New Westminster on June 25, 1949.