Canadian Pacific Railway Company

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Canadian Pacific Railway Company

Parallel form(s) of name

    Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

      Other form(s) of name

        Identifiers for corporate bodies

        Description area

        Dates of existence



        British Columbia's entry into Confederation, in 1871, was based on the condition that the construction of a transcontinental railway begin within 2 years and completed within 10 years. The contract was awarded to the partners of Donald Smith, J.J. Hill and George Stephen. The CPR company was incorporated in 1881. Under the management of W.C. Van Horne, construction moved rapidly across the plains. However, construction throught the Canadian Shield almost equalled in difficulty the construction through the mountains of B.C. Despite numerous setbacks, the last spike was driven at Craigellachie in Eagle Pass on the 7 Nov., 1885. During construction of the railway, the CPR became involved in the sale and settlement of land, the acquisition of the Dominion Express Co., and the acceptance of commercial telelgraph messages. The company also constructed numerous tourist hotels and dining halls along its route through the western mountains. These hotels and dining halls were the starting point from which the company later began their international development of hotels, steamships and airlines.


        Legal status

        Functions, occupations and activities

        Mandates/sources of authority

        Internal structures/genealogy

        General context

        Relationships area

        Access points area

        Subject access points

        Place access points


        Control area

        Authority record identifier

        Institution identifier

        Rules and/or conventions used


        Level of detail

        Dates of creation, revision and deletion




            Maintenance notes